Six Possible Causes of Knee Joint Pain

April 28, 2023

The knee joint is one of the most vital and flexible hinge joints in the human body, capable of bearing substantial stress. However, as people age, the knee joint may experience gradual wear and tear, leading to an increased likelihood of experiencing pain. In this article, we will explore some common causes of knee joint pain.

Meniscal damage
Athletes are particularly susceptible to meniscal injuries, especially when the knee joint is subject to excessive rotational forces during weight-bearing or bending. Meniscal damage can result in a sensation of tearing in the knee joint, accompanied by joint pain, limited mobility, limping while walking, joint swelling, and in some cases, a clicking sensation during movement.

Poor walking habits
Wearing high-heeled shoes, flip-flops, or ill-fitting footwear while walking long distances can increase the load on the knee joint and cause chronic damage, leading to significant pain.

Knee osteoarthritis
Middle-aged and elderly women are more likely to develop knee osteoarthritis, which is mainly caused by excessive weight-bearing. Patients with knee osteoarthritis experience significant swelling and pain in the knee joint, with audible friction sounds during mild activity.

Incorrect exercise methods
Failing to warm up properly or engaging in vigorous exercise can lead to joint pain. This is especially true for people with osteoarthritis or synovitis, and when climbing stairs, as the entire weight of the body is concentrated on one knee joint when descending.

Synovitis is the inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines the knee joint. If left untreated, it can cause joint adhesions and lead to knee joint pain, swelling, and tenderness. 

Knee ligament damage
The stability of the knee joint is poor when slightly bent. If the knee joint is subjected to external forces during this time, it can result in ligament damage, causing a significant pressure pain sensation on the inner side of the knee joint, accompanied by swelling and limited mobility.

Link Doctor recommends that patients take good care of their knee joints in daily life. This includes avoiding prolonged exposure to damp environments and staying warm in air-conditioned rooms to minimise the body’s exposure to  cold air. It is  important to maintain a light diet that includes fruits and vegetables while avoiding high-purine foods. For elderly patients, it is advisable to avoid weight-bearing activities and long periods of vigorous exercise. Prolonged or intense physical activity can lead to exhaustion, injury, or other health issues, so do also engage in proper warm-up exercises, and manage the duration and intensity of exercise. 

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